New October Releases
WWII Aircraft - Mustang
The P-51 Mustang fighter was manufactured in the United States during World War II (WWII). The first Mustang to come off assembly lines in California and Texas were P-51As. The P-51 was first used by the British Royal Air Force in 1942.
Starting in late 1943, the P-51B version was used by the U.S. Army Eight Air Force. Later in mid-1944, the P-51D version was introduced into the European theater. The P-51D was the most widely produced version of the Mustang during WWII and was easily recognized by its bubble top canopy and Rolls Royce Merlin engine.
The P-51D was equipped with six .50 caliber Browning machine guns holding a total compliment of 1880 rounds. The fighter also carried “zero rail” rockets under each wing and were equipped with bomb racks capable of carrying up to 1000 pounds of bombs. Because of its excellent range and maneuverability, the P-51 was primarily used as a long-range escort and as a ground attack fighter-bomber.
The Mustang was the first single engine fighter in Britain with enough fuel range to escort bombers to Germany and back. Luftwaffe Reichsmarshall Hermann Goring was quoted as saying after seeing the Mustang over Germany that “the war is lost.”
In both the European and Pacific theaters, Mustang pilots shot down a total of 4,950 enemy aircraft, and 275 P-51 pilots achieved “Ace” status.
The model is of a P-51D named the “Grim Reaper.” It was piloted by fighter ace Capt. Lowell Brueland.
Brueland had deployed to England in November 1943 and was assigned to the 355th Fighter Squadron, 354th Fighter Group, Ninth Army Air Force.
From 1943 to 1945, Brueland was credited with the destruction of 12.5 enemy aircraft in aerial combat. He eventually became commander of the 355th Fighter Squadron in May 1945,
Capt. Brueland was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross for gallantry in action on November 8, 1944. During a fighter sweep over the St. Lo area in Normandy, France in July 1944, Brueland and his formation of eight P-51 fighters engaged over 60 German fighters and fighter bombers. In the ensuing combat, Brueland shot down three enemy fighters and damaged a fourth. Brueland and his fighter group eventually caused enemy fighters to disperse and be driven off. In addition, German fighter bombers were forced to jettison their bombs, thus eliminating a threat to the Allied front.
Brueland later served in command roles during both the Korean War and Vietnam conflict. He retired from the Air Force on December 31, 1968. He died on July 2, 2012, and was later buried at Arlington National cemetery
Please note the figures for the P51D Mustang will not be available until early 2021.
JJD Aircraft Collection
PLEASE NOTE THERE ARE AT LEAST 2 MORE ROMAN ARCHER FIGURES WHICH WILL BE AVAILABLE OVER THE NEXT FEW MONTHS
Please Note the Roman Republican Archers are also available with normal grass bases.
PLEASE NOTE THERE ARE 7 MORE CARTHAGINIAN CREW FIGURES WHICH WILL BE AVAILABLE OVER THE NEXT FEW MONTHS
Roman Army of the Mid-Republic
Roman Army of the Mid-Republic
We know that the English forces were deployed in a dense shieldwall formation at the top of a slope, (which newer sources suggests was Caldbec Hill), with their flanks protected by woods, and with marshy ground in front of them.
What is known about the Norman deployment, is that Duke William appears to have arranged his forces in 3 groups or “battles”. The left “battle” consisted mainly of Bretons, and was led by Alan The Red.
The Centre was held by the Normans, under direct command of the Duke, and the right was commanded by William Fitzosbern and Eustace II of Boulogne, and consisted of Frenchmen. and mercenaries from Picardy, Boulogne and Flanders.
The front lines of the invading force were made up of archers, with a secondary line of foot soldiers armed with spears and swords. The cavalry was held in reserve.
The Norman disposition of forces implies that the plan was to open the battle with archers, weakening the enemy with arrows, followed by infantry who would engage the shieldwall in close combat. The infantry would create openings in the English lines that would then be exploited by cavalry charges.
It is believed that the early barrage of arrows, probably had very little effect on the English shieldwall, due to the higher position of the English on the ridge.
Age of Arthur - Norman Knights
Battle of Oriskany
Drums Along The Mohawk
THE FUR TRADE
The Crow, called the Apsáalooke in their own Siouan language, or variants including the Absaroka, are Native Americans, who in historical times lived in the Yellowstone River valley, which extends from present-day Wyoming, through Montana and into North Dakota, where it joins the Missouri River.
Pressured by the Ojibwe and Cree peoples (the Iron Confederacy), who had earlier and better access to guns through the fur trade, the Crow had migrated to this area from the Ohio Eastern Woodland area of present-day Ohio, settling south of Lake Winnipeg. From there, they were pushed to the west by the Cheyenne. Both the Crow and the Cheyenne were pushed farther west by the Lakota (Sioux), who took over the territory west of the Missouri River, reaching past the Black Hills of South Dakota to the Big Horn Mountains of Wyoming and Montana. The Cheyenne eventually became allies of the Lakota, as they sought to expel European Americans from the area. The Crow remained bitter enemies of both the Sioux and Cheyenne.
From about 1740, the Plains tribes rapidly adopted the horse, which allowed them to move out on to the Plains and hunt buffalo more effectively. However, the severe winters in the North kept their herds smaller than those of Plains tribes in the South. The Crow, Hidatsa, Eastern Shoshone and Northern Shoshone soon became noted as horse breeders and dealers and developed relatively large horse herds. At the time, other eastern and northern tribes were also moving on to the Plains, in search of game for the fur trade, bison, and more horses. The Crow were subject to raids and horse thefts by horse-poor tribes, including the powerful Blackfoot Confederacy, Gros Ventre, Assiniboine, Pawnee, and Ute.
Their greatest enemies became the tribes of the Blackfoot Confederacy and the Lakota-Cheyenne-Arapaho alliance.
The Native Americans have always been a profoundly religious people. Every act of their lives were bound up with their religion. They trusted in a creative power that was higher than all the people and the universe. The Crows called this power “First Maker”.
The duty of prayer was taken extremely seriously.
“When you arise in the morning, give thanks for the morning light. Give thanks for your life and strength. Give thanks for your food and give thanks for the joy of living. And if perchance you see no reason for giving thanks, rest assured the fault is in yourself.”
This figure is based on the statue of a native American on a horse outside Boston’s Museum of Fine Art, called “Appeal to the Great Spirit”, by Cyrus Dallin.
Whiskey, Scalps and Beaver Pelts
THE FIRST BATTLE OF MANASSAS, 1861
THE ARMY OF THE SHENANDOAH
THE FIRST BRIGADE
THE 4th VIRGINIA INFANTRY, LIBERTY HALL VOLUNTEERS, Co. I.
The 1st Brigade of the Army of the Shenandoah, commanded by Brigadier-General Thomas J. Jackson, earned their legendary nickname at First manassas on 21st July 1861. Arriving on the battlefield in time to stem the Federal tide sweeping back the confederate left flank, they gained immortality when General Barnard E. Bee, declared: “Look at Jackson’s Brigade! It stands there like a stone wall!”
Many civil war regiments and the various companies they comprised, tended to be made up of men from the same geographical area or who shared a commom heritage. The Liberty hall Volunteers, Co. I, 4th Virginia Infantry, were largely composed of students at Washington College in Lexington. From 1776 – 1798 it was known as the Liberty Hall Academy. These young men obviously proud of their school became known as the Liberty Hall Volunteers, and had already been receiving military training from cadets of the neighbouring Virginia Military Institute.
By the time they were mustered into Confederate service on June 2nd 1861, to serve for a period of one year, the men of the Washington College were considered a well-drilled command. The young men however, were to learn quickly that cannonballs and bullets had no respect for academic achievement. At the battle of First Manassas six of the company were killed or severely wounded.
The volunteers wore collarless light blue grey hunting shirts, with dark blue trim, on top of white cotton shirts with collars showing. Trousers were grey with a dark blue stripe.
Members of this company also provided themselves with short bowie knives.
It was shortly before noon when Jackson arrived at the summit of Henry Hill with his 2,000 Virginians. He rapidly grasped the situation and organized his men into a superb defensive position, which the Northern regiments were unable to break down, and in the end were to wear themselves out in their repeated attempts.
On April 14th 1862, Company I was reorganized . Forty Nine men from the militia and another eleven transfers from other units were incorporated into the company, which meant it lost much of its original academic flavour.
The 4th Virginia served with the Army of Northern Virginia until the end of the war. It was organized along with the 2nd, 5th, 27th and 33rd Virginia Regiments to make up the famous Stonewall Brigade.
Army of the Shenandoah, The First Brigade, 4th Virginia Regiment