September, 2022
Sierra Toy Soldier Company

Sierra Toy Soldier Company

Today's Headlines

Missed the August Edition 2022 Newsletter, view it here!

Welcome to the Fall edition of Sierra Toy Soldier News, written on a steaming hot day here in the Bay Area. We have had a week of temperatures as high as 114 degrees. Normally we get a day or two of temps in the 100’s, so this highly unusual and most unpleasant. Air conditioners are cranking out for those lucky enough to have them, many in the Bay Area do not as it never gets this hot.

We are packing for the Chicago Toy Soldier Show. The event will be held on Sunday, September 25th, 2022, at the Hyatt Regency Schaumberg in Schaumberg, Illinois. Room trading will commence on Thursday afternoon and finish either when we are sold out or the pubs open on Saturday at 5.00 pm. Do not miss it, it is a ton of fun. We are in Room 4301.

As always, if you plan on attending and have anything from our website that you would like to see, please feel free to let us know via email or phone call and we will be sure to bring it!

We are hosting a Customer Appreciation Event on Friday Evening. This year it will be a “Social Hour”, as it provided impossible to arrange a Dinner. We are doing this like always with our friends Treefrog and Troops of Time. We will just be having it on the 5th Floor off the elevators in the lounge area, snacks and beverages provided (adult variety available by request).

Please RSVP so we can have an approximate head count to order in some appetizers!

In August Alex and Cody were busy revamping our show room display’s and did a marvelous job on the dioramas. We thought you would enjoy some of the examples. They are even better in person, so come and visit.

American Civil War 1

American Civil War 2

Battle of the Bulge 1

Battle of the Bulge 2

Cody has also been busy updating our sale pages. We have now added both John Jenkins and Collectors showcase. Check them out for some real bargains.

Collectors Showcase Grand Sale

John Jenkins Grand Sale

We have also added to our Scratch & Dent and Collectors Corner pages, we are updating these every day.

Collectors Corner

Scratch & Dent

We have some great new announcements from Britain's, King & Country and John Jenkins.

For information on John Jenkins Future Releases.

John Jenkins Future Releases.

Check out our Facebook, Instagram and Twitter for more pictures.

Instagram:sierratoysoldier

Twitter:sierratoystore

You can keep up to date with us by visiting our Facebook Page.

Sierra Toy Soldier Facebook Page

Hope you enjoy our newsletter.

Cyber September Sale

Cyber September Sale.

Newly added for a very limited time some John Jenkins items, do not miss out! Check out our Thomas Gunn, First Legion, King & Country and John Jenkins Sale items.

King & Country Mega Sale

First Legion Big Sale

Collectors Showcase Grand Sale

John Jenkins Grand Sale

Thomas Gunn Grand Sale

We will have lots of items on sale between 25 - 45% off throughout the month, please look at the special pricing being offered. We will be adding daily to our list of items on sale.  So please check back often and you may find a pleasant surprise.

Collectors Corner
Sierra Toy Britain's Exclusive
Britain's
King & Country
John Jenkins

Showroom

We are open Monday - Saturday 10.00 - 5.00pm.

Just a reminder for those of you living in Northern California, or perhaps just visiting, that our Showroom dedicated to toy soldiers is now open 6 days a week. 1350 Dell Avenue, Ste #5, Campbell, California 95008. (408) 395 3000

www.sierratoysoldier.com

Sierra Toy Soldier Facebook Page

Check out our latest arrivals, new dioramas and events at our store!

Sierra Toy Soldier Facebook Page

Sierra Toy Soldier Virtual Video Call

To set up a Virtual Video Call to see any of our latest releases or displays. Contact us via Email or Phone.

Virtual Video Call Email

Phone 408-395-3000

Scratch & Dent

Do you enjoy repairing or modifying toy soldiers and vehicles. Every now and again we receive figures and vehicles in need of a new home and some special care. If yes, this may be the section just for you.

Scratch & Dent

Collectors Corner

Occasionally we get a rare opportunity to acquire individual items and complete collections for collectors that are thinning out their collection or from other dealers. These pieces are items that we do not normally stock. All are in mint condition or and in their original boxes, unless specified in the description. Please note these may have been on display.

So these are ideal pages to view if you are looking for that missing piece in your collection or just looking to find some very unique pieces that are not normally available.

In May we greatly expanded our Collectors Corner section with some great St Petersburg Figures, plus we have added Britain's and King & Country.

Consignment Highlight

This month we feature sets from Thomas Gunn, First Legion, Britain's, Jenkins, King & Country, Frontine and St Petersburg. All effectively brand new and unopened.

Collectors Corner

Sierra Toy Soldier Britain's Exclusive

Sierra Toy Soldier Exclusive - In Stock Now!

Zulu Storehouse Attack

Britains

Zulu Wars

New September releases, not previously announced!

  • - Through the use of visual signals military leaders communicate with their subordinates that are out of auditory range. Simple gestures like waving an arm or hand can signal for a warrior or unit to advance, stop, take cover, or even retire. In addition to arm and hand signals, flags, smoke, light, and sometimes whistles can be used to communicate among troops as well. However, coordination of the Zulu army typically relied on the initial pre-positioning and assignments of the regiments before the advance, and the deep understanding by Zulu officers of the general attack plan. Before deploying for battle, the regiments assembled where the commanders would give final assignments and instructions.
  • - Zulu command structure was set up into hierarchical divisions just like any army, modern or ancient. An iNduna was a tribal leader who would command these military divisions. An Elder iNduna had overall command of a particular force. He would have been in service for many years and one or more of these experienced chiefs might accompany a large corps on an important campaign. Under them would be a Senior iNduna who controlled the corps’ grouping. Under them would be the corps commander. Coordination of tactical movements was supplied by the iziNduna (plural of iNduna) who used hand signals and messengers to deliver orders. Beneath them at a regimental level were lower ranked iNduna who acted much like the NCOs maintaining discipline and bolstering morale.

Rorke's Drift - Matte Version

Britains August Releases! - Hit a shipping delay will be here by end of September or earlier.

Clash of Empires

New releases expected Late August / September not previously announced!

Clash of Empires

Clash of Empires

Restocks expected Late August / September!

Clash of Empires

American Revolution

American Revolution - Britains

Art of War

Art of War

American Civil War

American Civil War

Civil War Artillery

Civil War Artillery

Civil War Leaders

Civil War Leaders

Musuem Collection - Aviators - New Series

Aviator

Museum Collection

Museum Collection

Napoleonic - Old Guard

Battle of Waterloo, 1815

WWII - Germans

WWII Collection

Zulu War

Rorke's Drift - Matte Version

King & Country

King & Country August Releases!

South of The Border… Down Mexico Way

As part of our ‘Cattle Drive’ range we have released a number of Mexican figures which have proved to be very popular and so, continuing our historical travels ‘South of The Border’ here are two handsome looking additions…

  • - Every well-dressed ‘Vaquero’ would not be fully turned-out unless suitably attired with a pair of rifle bullet bandoleers across his chest. As this Mexican gentleman adjusts his jacket his female companion hands him a pair of bandoleers of rifle ammunition.
  • - One of the most colourful and memorable Leaders of just one of Mexico’s many revolutions stands proudly wearing a shoulder sash in the national colours under his own ammunition bandoleers. He was to be killed in an ambush aged just 39 in 1919.

The Real West

Marshal 'Rooster' Cogburn

Marshal Reuben ‘Rooster’ Cogburn was the fictitious creation of writer Charles Portis in his 1968 novel ‘TRUE GRIT’ which in turn was made into a hit 1969 movie of the same name starring John Wayne, who won his only ‘Oscar’ for playing the title role.

The film was made again in 2010 starring the inimitable Jeff Bridges in the Cogburn role.

Our little Winchester toting figure is a tribute to a great book and two terrific movies as well a rare breed of Western lawman!

The Real West

Local Support

Throughout the bitterly-fought Kokoda Campaign the loyalty and bravery of the local tribal peoples played a vital part in the eventual Allied victory. In defiance of the invading Japanese and despite savage reprisals New Guinea natives, both men and women, acted as guides, porters and stretcher bearers for the Australian forces battling against the Imperial Japanese Army.

Many Australian soldiers owe their lives to these ‘Black Blokes’ who led them through some of the toughest, densest and most difficult tropical rain forest jungle and up and down its steepest mountain slopes.

  • - Another ‘walking-wounded digger’ being gently led down the trail to safety by one of the local Papuan tribesman dressed in his native dress and carrying the Australian’s .303 Lee Enfield.

KOKODA: The Long Bloody Trail

4. IMPERIAL EQUESTRIAN

From the steaming hot and humid jungle forests of New Guinea to the broad boulevards and streets of old Vienna, and the capital of pre WW1 Austria-Hungary. That’s quite a leap but just a hop, skip and a jump for King & Country and the latest release in our ‘The Royals’ series…

  • - Born in 1830, Franz-Joseph became Emperor of the sprawling and often fractious Austro Hungerian Empire at the age of 18.
    He would go on to become the longest-reigning monarch of this ill-fated conglomeration until his death at the age of 86 in 1916.
    Franz-Joseph’s reign was anything but peaceful and throughout this period was beset by wars, revolts, suicides and assassinations… often involving close members of his own family.
    The two most notable being the killing of his heir apparent, the Archduke Franz-Ferdinand and his wife Sophie in Sarajevo in June 1914. This murderous act was to ultimately lead to the outbreak of World War One just two months later.
    Our K&C rendition of the Emperor is based on several portraits of Franz-Joseph as well as a mounted statue and shows him in a typical saluting pose while riding one of his favourite horses.

The Royals

BLACK WATCH IN WHITE TROPICAL UNIFORM

25 years ago, on the last day of June 1997, the former British Crown Colony of Hong Kong was ceremoniously handed back to the Peoples’ Republic of China.

On that evening, in what could be seen as the very last day of the once great British Empire, the ‘Union Jack’ was lowered and the red flag raised over this amazing city that l’ve proudly called home for the last 45 years!

Among the U.K. armed forces on parade that night was the last British Army regiment to be stationed in Hong Kong… the 1st Battalion, The Black Watch.

One of the oldest infantry regiments in the Army and with one of its finest battlefield reputations the ‘Watch’ wore their traditional kilts together with the ‘Tropical Parade Dress’ tunics in white.

This new version of our Regimental 13 piece ‘Pipes & Drums’ are uniformed as they were on that historic last parade on the evening of June 30, 1997.

Today the ‘Black Watch’ have been amalgamated into the much larger Royal Regiment of Scotland and form this new unit’s Third Battalion.

Just 100 sets of this ‘1997’ edition are being released in their own Special Presentation Box.

Ceremonial

Streets of Old Hong Kong

Going back even further in the Hong Kong story to many years before 1997, here is another colourful and delicious memory of street life in this very unique part of the Orient…

  • - Travel down almost any thoroughfare in old Hong Kong and you were bound to come upon all kinds of ‘street-food ’sellers (hawkers) offering an amazing range of cooked foods and snacks that could be enjoyed at all times of the day and night… and nearly always very inexpensive too!
    This lady together with her little food cart is offering a range of freshly-made steamed vermicelli roll with all kinds of condiments to suit her customers’ tastes and pockets.

Orient

John Jenkins

New September Releases
Trojan War - Troy

Laomedon, the legendary King of Troy, son of Ilus and Eurydice and father of Podarces (later famous as King Priam of Troy) brought about his own destruction and that of the initial city of Troy, by not keeping his word.

Laomedon refused to give the gods Apollo and Poseidon a promised reward for building the original walls of Troy. The gods sent a pestilence and a sea monster to ravage the land.

An oracle revealed to Laomedon that the only way to save Troy would be to sacrifice his daughter Hesione. She was bound to a rock to await her death by the sea monster.

The Greek hero Heracles who happened to be at Troy, offered to kill the sea monster and rescue Hesione in exchange for Laomedon's divine horses, which had been a gift from the god Zeus to Tros, Laomedon's grandfather.

Once Heracles had killed the monster and saved Hesione, Laomedon refused to give up the horses.

Heracles left Troy and then returned with a band of warriors, captured the city, and killed Laomedon and all his sons except for Priam, and Tithonus.

It was Priam who set about rebuilding the walls of Troy. Priam became a natural leader and had a deep understanding of trade and exchange. The location of Troy at the mouth of the Hellespont, the straits through which all sea traffic too and from the east were obliged by geography to pass. This afforded Troy tremendous opportunities for enrichment. The tolls and tariffs meant the city grew in greatness and wealth. The towers and Priam's new palace reached higher than the levels of the walls, and gleamed in the sun to tell the world that Troy, the jewel of the Aegean, was the greatest city in the world, ruled over by a mighty king and prospering under the protection of the gods.

Large towers were usually built into the walls of Troy to defend a major gateway. The South tower was built to guard the Scaean Gate.

The Eastern wall was also reinforced by a large tower. This massive bastion at the north east corner of the city was built to defend a well which was the main water supply.

The city walls of Troy will be available over the next 4 months. The total width of all the Troy wall sets together, as seen in the above picture will be 32" and approximately 8" depth.

  • - Trojan shrines to past kings, such as Laomedon, were placed at the base of the South Tower and Scaean Gateway. Laomedon was buried near the Scaean Gate, and according to legend, as long as his grave remained undisturbed, the walls of Troy would remain impregnable.

The Trojans, too had their semi-divine heroes and these included Hector (son of Priam), Aeneas, Sarpedon, and Glaucus, just to name a few. They also had help from the gods, receiving assistance during the battle from Apollo, Aphrodite, Ares and Leto.

DEIPHOBUS

In Greek Mythology, Deiphobus was a son of Priam and Hecuba. He was a prince of Troy, and the greatest of Priam's sons after Hector and paris.

Deiphobus is known to have killed four men of fame in the Trojan War.

According to the Iliad, Deiphobus along with his brother Helenus, led a group of soldiers at the siege of the newly constructed Greek wall and killed many, and wounded the hero Meriones.

As Hector was fleeing Achilles, Athena took the shape of Deiphobus and goaded Hector to make a stand and fight. Hector thinking it was his brother, listened and threw his spear at Achilles. When the spear missed, Hector turned around to ask his brother for another spear, but "Deiphobus" had vanished.

It was then Hector knew the gods had deceived and forsaken him, and he met his fate at the hand of Achilles.

After the death of Paris, Deiphobus was given Helen of troy as a bride for his deeds in the war, defeating the bid of his brother, Helenus.

During the sack of Troy, Deiphobus was slain by either Odysseus or Menelaus, and his body was mutilated.

Troy and her allies

Greeks

DEMOPHON

Demophon was the son of Theseus and Phaedra, and brother of Acamas. He fought with his brother in the Trojan War, and was among those who entered the city in the Trojan Horse. The brothers freed their grandmother Aethra, who had been captured by the Dioscuri and served Helen as a handmaid for a while, and brought her home.

Demophon married Phyllis, daughter of a Thracian king, while he stopped in Thrace on his journey home from the Trojan War.

On the next day after the wedding, he had to leave, promising to return and take Phyllis with him as soon as possible. She gave him a casket and told him not to open it unless he should lose every hope to return to Thrace.

Demophon eventually settled in Cyprus and forgot about Phillis. She would come to the sea shore every day, expecting to see the sails of his ship, but in vain. After the appointed date was past, she either died or killed herself.

One day Demophon opened the casket out of curiosity, what he saw there was so horrifying that he jumped onto his horse and rode wildly away, until he fell off his horse onto his own sword, and died.

Greeks

Macedonian Phalanx - New Series

The Macedonian phalanx was an infantry formation developed by Philip II and used by his son Alexander the Great to conquer the Achaemenid Empire and defeat armies of other kingdoms. Phalanxes remained dominant on battlefields throughout the Hellenistic period, until they were ultimately displaced by the Roman Legions.

In 359 BC the Macedonian army led by the king Perdiccas III, was decidedly defeated by the Illyrians. Perdiccas' brother Philip II had been a hostage in Thebes for much of his youth, and what he had learned influenced his restructuring of the Macedonian infantry. Philip's military reforms were a new approach to the current hoplite warfare, which focused on their shield and thrusting spear. Philip's new focus was on a new weapon, the Sarissa. He called the soldiers in the phalanx Pezhetairoi, meaning "foot companions".

Each phalangite carried as his primary weapon a Sarissa, a double pointed pike over 18 foot in length. The Sarissae were carried in two pieces before a battle and then slid together when they were to be used. At close range such weapons were of little use, but an intact phalanx could easily keep its enemies at a distance. The weapons of the first few rows of men all projected beyond the front of the formation, so that there were more spear points than available targets at any given time. Men in rows behind the initial rows angled their sarissae at angles in an attempt to ward off arrows or other projectiles. There was a secondary weapon called a xiphos, which was a short sword. They also had a smaller and flatter shield than that of the Greek Hoplon. The shield was worn hung around the neck so as to free up both hands to wield the sarissa.

The Phalanx consisted of several blocks of men, called syntagmata. There were 16 of these with 16 men in each Syntagmata. Each block was commanded by a syntagmatarchy, who together with his subordinate officers would form the first row of each block.

Neither Philip or Alexander actually used the phalanx as their arm of choice, but instead used it to hold the enemy in place while their heavy cavalry broke through the enemy ranks. The Macedonian cavalry fought in a wedge formation and was almost always stationed on the far right. The hypaspists an elite infantry unit were stationed on the immediate right of the phalanx wielding hoplite sized shields and spears. The left flank was generally covered by allied cavalry usually Thessalians, which fought in a rhomboid formation and served mainly in a defensive role.

Macedonian phalanx

Conquest of America - Skraeling

Skraeling

Conquest of America - Powhatan

The Powhatan people may refer to any of the indigenous Algonquian people that are traditionally from eastern Virginia. It is estimated that there were about 14,000-21,000 Powhatan people in eastern Virginia, when English colonists established Jamestown in 1607.

In the late 16th and early 17th centuries, a "Mamanatowick" (paramount chief) named Wahunsenacawh created an organization by affiliating 30 tributary peoples, whose territory was much of eastern Virginia. They called this area Tsenacommacah ("densely inhabited land").

Wahunsenacawh came to be known by English colonists as "The Powhatan Chief".

Each of the tribes within this organization had its own Weroance (leader), but all paid tribute to the Powhatan Chief.

After Wahunsenacawh's death in 1618, hostilities with colonists escalated under the chiefdom of his brother, Opchanacanough, who sought in vain to expel encroaching English colonists.

His large scale attacks in 1622 and 1644 met strong reprisals by the colonists, resulting in near elimination of the tribe.

By 1646, what is called the Powhattan Paramount Chiefdom by modern historians had been decimated.

More important than the ongoing conflicts with the English colonial settlements was the high rate of deaths the Powhattan suffered due to new infectious diseases carried to North America by Europeans, such as measles and smallpox.

The native Americans did not have any immunity to these, which had been endemic in Europe and Asia for centuries. The wholesale deaths greatly weakened and hollowed out the native American societies.

By the mid-17th century, the leaders of the colony were desperate for labor to develop the land. Almost half of the European immigrants to Virginia arrived as indentured servants. As settlements continued, the colonists imported growing numbers of enslaved Africans for labour.

By 1700 the colonies had about 6,000 black slaves, which was one-twelfth of the population.

After Bacon's Rebellion in 1676, the colony enslaved the native Americans for control. In 1691, the House of Burgesses abolished native slavery, however many Powhatan were held in servitude well into the 18th Century.

There are several detailed accounts of the Powhatan peoples, but we are fortunate to have the exquisite water-colours of John White, who was the governor of the second Roanoke Settlement. Luck would have it he was gathering supplies in England when his colony vanished.

The main weapon of all the Indians faced by the English settlers during this period was the longbow. This measured 5-6ft. and was made from witch-hazel or hickory. It was noted that the Indian bows were quick, but not very strong or accurate.

Powhatan

Vikings

Age of Arthur - Vikings

Battle of Assaye, 1803 - 19th Regiment of Light Dragoons

19th Regiment of Light Dragoons

Battle of Assaye, 1803 - Maratha Cavalry

Maratha Cavalry

Battle of Assaye, 1803 - Arab Mercenary Infantry

Kings, nobles and warlords have always imported mercenaries. Distrusting their own subjects, they placed faith on forces answering only to their benefactor. Through the ages, skilled and well-knit mercenary units have held inordinate power. Sometimes such units become so powerful that they turn on their employers on perceiving any threat. Sometimes, they even captured power. In India also, well-knit bands of Afghan, Turk, and African mercenaries have made great fortunes and captured power.

Arab mercenaries entered quite late in the game in India, when British supremacy had already emerged. Before the Arabs could expand their power in India - like so many foreign groups before them - their own benefactors and the British cut them down to size. However, their power and influence completely ended only in 1948.

The Sultans of Gujarat and the Deccan began employing Arab mercenaries in the 16th century. However, it was the Maratha campaigns of the 18th century that led to a huge influx. Arab mercenaries mostly hailed from Yemen's Hadhramaut region, a land known for bold and enterprising people.

In the service of the Marathas, the Arabs gained reputation as extremely skilled and reliable fighters.

Thousands of Arabs served Maratha chieftains such as Scindia, Bhonsle and Gaekwad. Arab agents opened recruitment agencies in Indian ports, and some of these agents became very wealthy. Indian financiers also established ties with the Arabs to expand influence in Indian kingdoms.

Tribe and clan conflicts from the homeland existed in the mercenary units, but this did not dent their efficacy or their lustre.

An Arab trooper was paid three times as much as a Deccani/Maratha trooper, and even more than a European mercenary.

However, their service depended entirely upon the regularity and size of the pay. When arrears mounted, the Arabs turned on their employers till they received their dues. In one instance, the Arab mercenaries even intervened in a political crisis in Baroda state. They imprisoned Maharaja Anandrao Gaekwad and his faction had to invite the East India Company's army to retake control.

The British were aware of the threat posed by the Arab forces - and the Anglo-Maratha wars soon demonstrated how deadly Arab units could be.

When Britain finally concluded the Anglo-Maratha wars in 1818, she ensured that the Arab mercenaries were disbanded.

The British even paid the arrears so that the Arabs could leave immediately.

Arab Mercenary Infantry

Battle of Assaye, 1803 - Maratha Infantry

Maratha Infantry

Battle of Monongahela, 1755

New horses for the 18th and 19th Century collections.

Battle of Monongahela, 1755

Very best regards from Mike & Myszka Hall and the Sierra Toy Soldier team - Alex, Cody and Sean.

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