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Second World War

The iconic Sturmgeschütz III (Assault Gun) was conceived by none other than Field Marshal Erich von Manstein. Created by mating an armored casemate to a Panzer III chassis, the StuG III was intended to support infantry forces with direct fire. Originally armed with a short barrel, low velocity 75mm cannon, it served admirably in this role. However, following German encounters with the heavily armored Russian T-34, KV-1 and KV-2, in 1942 the StuG III was modified to mount the powerful long barreled, high velocity 75mm StuK40/L48 cannon. With this heavier armament, the StuG III shifted roles to that of a tank destroyer, where its powerful cannon, heavy armor, and low silhouette made it a deadly opponent for Allied armor.

The most prolific model StuG was the Ausf G, with 7,720 produced from December 1942 until March 1945. It remained in service due to it’s reliability, excellent combat performance, and inexpensive cost. In 1944, a StuG III cost 82,500 Rechsmarks to produce. In contrast, the Panther cost 117,100 Reichsmarks and a Tiger 250,800 Reichmarks. The StuG III served on all fronts, and even after the introduction of more advanced tanks by the Allies, the StuG III’s 75mm cannon and 80mm of armor protection still proved a deadly combination, especially when used in ambush positions. By wars end, thousands of Allied tanks fell victim to the StuG III.

The GA-20 model represents a StuG III Ausf G produced by Alkett in early 1943 and employed by Panzergrenadier Division “Grossdeutschland” at the Battle of Kursk. Grossdeutschland was the German Heer’s elite formation and from the beginning of Operation Barbarossa it fought exclusively on the Eastern Front against the Russians. Lavishly equipped, at Kursk Grossdeutschland possessed a full Sturmgeschütz Abteilung in addition to its Panther Brigade and a company of the legendary Tiger tanks. Sturmgeschütz Abteilung “GD” fought admirably at Kursk (arguably better than the division’s Panzer units) where it was ably led by Knight’s Cross winner Hauptman Peter Frantz.

The Grossdeutschland StuG III Ausf G features a two-color camo pattern of Dunkelgelb and Olivgrun common at Kursk, individually removable schürzen side armor panels (meant to protect the StuG from Soviet anti-tank rifles), opening loaders hatch, and two machine-gun mounts. Additionally, it has common modifications StuG Abteilung “GD” made to their vehicles, including extra track links mounted on the front as additional armor, extra road wheels that can be mounted on the sides of the StuG, and a stowage rail on the rear engine deck

WWII

Second World War Aircraft

Planes returning from combat missions often carried wounded pilots and crews on board. Flight deck medical teams were always on alert to administer first aid on the spot or to rush the wounded to the ship’s hospital bay. Medical teams often wore a white jersey marked with a red cross.

JJD Aircraft Collection

American Revolution – Drums along the Mohawk

The Breymann Redoubt guarded the British right flank, it was defended by 200 German soldiers. It was overwhelmed and captured in an assault led by Benedict Arnold.

Drums along the Mohawk

Raid on St Francis

In Eastern Woodlands society, there were clear-cut family roles for both the men and women.

Men were responsible for all the hunting and fishing, and sometimes traveled great distances to catch food.

Women generally stayed near the home to look after the children. They tended to any crops, and collected food, nuts, berries and edible plants. Women prepared the animal skins and made and repaired all the clothing.

A moccasin is a shoe, made of deerskin or other soft leather, consisting of a sole (made with leather that has not been “worked”) and sides made of one piece of leather, stitched together at the top, and sometimes with a vamp (additional panel of leather). The sole is soft and flexible and the upper part often is adorned with embroidery or beading. Historically, it is the footwear of many indigenous people of North America; moreover, hunters, traders, and European settlers wore them.

The moccasin derives from the Algonquian language Powhatan word makasin.

Moccasins protect the foot while allowing the wearer to feel the ground. The Plains Indians wore hard-sole moccasins, given that their territorial geography featured rock and cacti. The eastern Indian tribes wore soft-sole moccasins, for walking in leaf-covered forest ground.

Raid on Saint Francis, 1759

Aztec

The Peasant levy made up the core of the Aztec army. These commoners had no access to extravagant armour, and usually wore simple quilted cotton armour. The majority of these troops were armed with a bow. These archers were sometimes accompanied by shield-bearers, who were trained to defend the archers and were experts at deflecting arrows with their shields.

Aztec Empire – Conquest of America

Roman – Late Republic

Roman Army of the Late Republic

Gauls

Enemies of Rome

Conquistadors

Aztec Empire – Conquest of America

American Revolution – 2nd New York Regiment

2nd New York Regiment

American Revolution – Hessian Jager

Hessian Jager Corps

Inter War

Inter-War Aviation

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