John Jenkins New September Releases!


Enemies of Rome


For set-piece battles, the heavy infantry were usually drawn up in three lines.

However, the vast majority of the heavy infantry were stationed in the front two lines, the HASTATI and PRINCIPES. Contained in these two lines were the younger recruits who were expected to do all the fighting. The rear line (TRIARII), was a reserve consisting of older men who formed a line of last resort to provide cover for the front lines if they were put to flight (and also to prevent unauthorised retreat by the front ranks).

The three lines of maniples were drawn up in a chessboard pattern (dubbed quincunx by modern historians, after the Latin for the “5” on a dice-cube, whose dots are so arranged). In front of these three lines of heavy infantry, would be stationed the legion’s VELITES.

Roman Army of the Late Republic


  • AZ-017A Aztec Warrior – Soldiers who succeeded in capturing two enemies were awarded a uniform consisting of a body suit called a “tlahuiztli”, a tall conical cap called a “copilli” and a shield marked with black designs described as “hawk scratches”.
    The Tlahuiztli was made of sewn cotton. Red, yellow, blue or green feathers were meticulously stitched to the cloth in the workshops of conquered city-states and sent to Tenochtitlan each year as tribute.
  • AZ-017B Aztec Warrior – The Huaxtec area held a particular fascination for the Aztecs because it was rich in cotton. The goddess of spinners and weavers was called Tlazolteotl.
    For this reason the soldiers thought it appropriate to wear hanks of un-spun cotton through their ear spools, as well as the “Yacameztli” or “nose moon” in gold in honour of her role as a patron of the moon.

Aztec Empire – Conquest of America


From the moment of Christopher Columbus’ discovery of lands previously unknown to Europe in 1492, the New World captured the imagination of European adventurers. Thousands of men came to the New World to seek fortune, glory, and land. For two centuries, these men explored the New
World, conquering any native people they came across in the name of the King of Spain (and the hope of gold). They came to be known as the Conquistadors.

Conquistadors claimed that they were attacking the New World natives in order to spread Christianity and save the natives from damnation. Many of the conquistadors were, indeed, religious men, but history has shown that the conquistadors were far more interested in gold and loot.

Aztec Empire – Conquest of America

War of the Roses

Wars of the Roses 1455-1487

American Revolution – Battle of Saratoga 1777
1st Canadian Regiment

1st Canadian Regiment

2nd Massachusetts Regiment

2nd Massachusetts Regiment

2nd New York Regiment

2nd New York Regiment

Morgans Riflemen

Morgans Riflemen

Knights Of The Skies

Jagdstaffel 49 was formed on 23rd December 1917, with Ltn. Franz Ray, named as the Commanding Officer, who already had 9 victories. Franz Ray had previously been with Jasta 28.

He was also the first pilot to obtain 5 victories with the new unit, and shot down his 14th victory on the 2nd July 1917.

On the 22nd October Ray was ordered to Berlin to test a new aircraft design, and command of the Staffel went to Ltn. Hermann Habich.

During the time Ltn. Ray was with Jasta 49, which was from the 15th December 1917 untill the 22nd October 1918, he was to shoot down 8 machine, for a total of 17 victories.


Knights Of The Skies – WWI

Second World War Aircraft

The Grumman F4F Wildcat is an American carrier-based fighter aircraft that began service with both the United States Navy and the British Royal Navy in 1940, where it was initially known by the latter as the Martlet.

The F4F was Grumman’s first monoplane fighter design and was to prove to be one of the great naval fighter aircraft of World War 2.

In 1939 Grumman were successful in obtaining a Navy order for 54 F4F-3’s. The RAF also received 81 F4F-3’s which were named the Martlet I.

The initial deliveries to the US navy were in December 1940, with the first of the planes going to the USS Ranger, and USS Wasp.

These were the only carriers which had the F4F-3’s when war broke out.

First used in combat by the British in the North Atlantic, the Wildcat was the only effective fighter available to the United States Navy and Marine Corps in the Pacific Theater during the early part of World War II in 1941 and 1942; the disappointing Brewster Buffalo was withdrawn in favor of the Wildcat and replaced as units became available. With a top speed of 318 mph (512 km/h), the Wildcat was outperformed by the faster 331 mph (533 km/h), more maneuverable, and longer-ranged Mitsubishi A6M Zero. However, the F4F’s ruggedness, coupled with tactics such as the Thach Weave, resulted in a claimed air combat kill-to-loss ratio of 5.9:1 in 1942 and 6.9:1 for the entire war.

Lessons learned from the Wildcat were later applied to the faster F6F Hellcat. While the Wildcat had better range and maneuverability at low speed, the Hellcat could rely on superior power and high speed performance to outperform the Zero. The Wildcat continued to be built throughout the remainder of the war to serve on escort carriers, where larger and heavier fighters could not be used.

By late 1941 nearly all of the colourful squadron markings were either gone entirely or existed as quite small examples close by the cockpit area. VF-3’s famous “Felix The Cat” emblem is thus reduced to a 6” diameter circle forward of the cockpit on BuNo 3973.

The first WILDCAT F4F-3’s to be delivered to the USS SARATOGA in late 1941 were painted in overall “non-specular Light gray”. The transition to the Blue Gray/light gray camouflage scheme often came as and when each aircraft reached its major service and over haul point. Thus each Carrier Air Group at this time may have had a mix of overall Light Gray and Blue Gray/Light Gray squadrons aboard.

The Grumman F4F-3 Wildcat BuNo 3982, is based on an U.S. Naval Historical Center photograph, depicting the aircraft on the elevator of USS Saratoga in early October 1941. This aircraft was piloted by ensign Gayle Hermann. The photograph shows that at this time squadrons were operating with aircraft of mixed paint schemes. BuNo 3982 is seen in overall Light gray while other Wildcats on the deck are painted in the Blue Gray/ Light Gray scheme.

JJD Second World War Aircraft Collection

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