Archive for July, 2015

New John Jenkins August Releases!

Tuesday, July 14th, 2015

Knights Of The Skies – WWI

April 1915, a German 2 seater plane fell in flames before the guns of French Ace Roland Garros’s monoplane. This was the beginning of a new technique in aerial warfare. It was achieved by firing a machine gun between the blades of a spinning propellor. Although crude it was successful mainly due to small steel plates attached to the propellor blades. The bullets which did not pass between the blades were deflected by the plates without harming the propellor. A new degree of accuracy was made possible by aiming the entire airplane at the target.

The Morane-Saulnier N was one of the few operational monoplanes of WW1. It had an extremely sensitive elevator response and fast landing speed but was considerably more manouverable than its German opponents at the time. The Aileron control was achieved by wing warping.

In addition to the french, 2 British squadrons flew Morane-Saulnier N’s where it was nicknamed the “Bullet” due to th large spinner fitted on the nose.

A large metal “casserolle” spinner designed to streamline the aircraft caused the engines to overheat because the spinner deflected air away from the engine. In 1915, the spinner was removed from the design and no more overheating problems were found. The removal of the spinner caused very little loss in performance.

The Type N was not particularly successful. Only 49 aircraft were built and it was quickly rendered obsolete by the pace of aircraft development

Knights Of The Skies – WWI

WWI – French Army

The Renault FT, was a French light tank that was among the most revolutionary and influential tank designs in history. The FT was the first production tank to have its armament within a fully rotating turret. The Renault FT’s configuration – crew compartment at the front, engine compartment at the back, and main armament in a revolving turret – became and remains the standard tank layout. Over 3,000 Renault FT tanks were manufactured by French industry, most of them during the year 1918.

Armoured warfare historian Steven Zaloga has called the Renault FT “the world’s first modern tank.”

The original one piece cast turret, had many problems, mainly in that it only permitted a Hotchkiss machine gun to be mounted. Research led to a second design of what was to be known as the “Omnibus”. This turret allowed for mounting either the Puteaux cannon or the Hotchkiss machine gun. This turret was assembled of flat steel plates screwed to a frame and was shaped like an octagonal prism that narrowed towards the top.

The third type of turret designed for the Renault FT, was produced by the Berliet factories, hence it became known as the “Berliet Turret”.

This turret was produced in 1918 and its objective was to improve the resistance of the armour. The turret was manufactured in 2 elements. A cast roof of 16mm thickness, and a forged turret ring in the shape of a flattened cone. The “Berliet Turret” had thicker armour and consequently was heavier than previous turrets. It was still moved manually by the commander/gunner of the tank.

The Mle 1914 Hotchkiss machine gun chambered for the 8mm Lebel cartridge became the standard machine gun of the French Army during World War I. The Hotchkiss machine gun, a sturdy and reliable weapon, remained in active service with the French army until the early 1940s. By the end of 1918, 47,000 Hotchkiss machine guns had already been delivered to the French army alone. If one adds the international sales, the total number of Hotchkiss machine guns that were manufactured in various calibers is close to 100.000.

The Puteaux SA 18 was a French single-shot, breech-loading cannon, used from World War I onward, primarily mounted on combat vehicles.

It was a simple, reliable weapon with a high rate of fire made possible by a semi-automatic breech system . It was primarily intended to be used against infantry and machine-gun nests, due to its low muzzle velocity which proscribed anti-armour use. Though armour penetration was poor, even as late as 1939 it was sufficient to combat light armoured vehicles. The gun was operated by one soldier, and found easy to use with a low incidence of jamming. It was sighted on target with a separate scope attached to the left side of the weapon.

French Army

Battle of Gallipoli 1915

Battle of Gallipoli 1915


On July 6, 1757, the South Carolina Provincial Regiment was created by an act of the Assembly. The regiment was to be made up of 7 companies of 100 men each. The regiment was commanded by Lieutenant-colonel Probart Howarth. Howarth, a veteran of Braddock’s campaign, also held a commission as lieutenant in the Independent Companies.

”They have passed a Vote here for granting a Sum for raising 700 Men subject to the Orders & Disposal of Lord Loudoun, have put them on the same Establishment with our Troops, and have given your old Acquaintance Howarth the Command of Them, as Lieut. Colo. & Commandant of the So. Carolina Provincials.” (George Washington Papers (, Captain George Mercer to George Washington, August 17, 1757.)

Each company was led by 1 captain , 2 lieutenants and 1 ensign. Each company also had 4 sergeants, 4 corporals and 2 drummers.

The regiment was also known as the Buffs, due to the facing colour of their uniforms. Men were only recruited with great difficulty, and by mid 1758 the regiment contained only about 550 privates. Attempts were made to fill up the regiment by enlisting vagrants.


July 1755, after Braddock’s defeat in an ambush on the Monongahela, Pennsylvanians, who until then had no militia forces, started to organise a defence. The governor gave orders to build forts at Carlisle and Shippensburg and to organize 4 companies of volunteers. In October, the French and Canadiens with their Indian Allies began to launch raids on the border of Pennsylvania. On November 25, a “Militia Act” was passed in response to the border massacres perpetrated by the Susquehanah and Ohio Delawares. On November 27, the Assembly of Pennsylvania voted funds to build forts and to replace militia companies with a Provincial Regiment which was originally formed from pre-existing volunteers and militia around the Susquehanah River. Most men enlisted for less than six months.

In March 1756, the regiment was formally organised into two battalions: the one east of the river were commanded by Lieutenant-colonel Conrad Weiser, while the one to the west of the river was led by Colonel John Armstrong. Later, a third battalion was raised under Colonel William Clapham, to defend the area of Augusta, Pennsylvania. Afterwards, the Pennsylvania Provincials were reorganized into 2 regiments: the 1st (Augusta) regiment, formed of one battalion under Clapham, and the 2nd, comprising the other two battalions.


In August 1755, the first and second regiments of Connecticut Provincials (a total of about 850 men) took part in the expedition against Fort Saint-Frédéric (present-day Crown Point) led by William Johnson of New York. A fort initially known as Fort Lyman (soon renamed Fort Edward) was built on the Hudson River at the carrying place leading to Lake Saint-Sacrement (present-day Lake George).

At the beginning of September, Johnson’s force resumed its advance and reached Lake Saint-Sacrement. On September 8, part of his force was ambushed by a French force under Dieskau. The Colonials were badly mauled and retired to Johnson’s camp. The French followed up but their attack on Johnson’s camp was repulsed, Dieskau being wounded and captured. Johnson did not organize any counteroffensive but built Fort William Henry on the shore of Lake Saint-Sacrement.

In September, Connecticut raised and sent about 1,400 militia to reinforce Johnson at Fort William Henry. On November 27, when Johnson retreated to the Hudson, he left contingents from each province to garrison Fort William Henry during the winter.

For the campaign of 1756, Connecticut raised 2,500 men.

For the campaign of 1757, Connecticut raised 1,400 men. In mid-August, after the fall of Fort William Henry, Connecticut assemble 5,000 militia who were sent to reinforce General Webb on the frontier.

On March 8 1758, a special assembly at New Haven resolved to raise 5,000 Connecticut Provincials for the incoming campaign. These were formed into 4 regiments, each consisting of 12 companies.

In July 1758, the 4 Provincial regiments from Connecticut took part in the expedition against Carillon (present-day Ticonderoga). On July 5, they embarked at the head of Lake George. On July 6 at daybreak, the British flotilla reached the narrow channel leading into Lake Champlain near Fort Carillon and disembarkation began at 9:00 a.m.. On July 8, they fought in the disastrous Battle of Carillon. At daybreak on July 9, the British army re-embarked and retreated to the head of the lake where it reoccupied the camp it had left a few days before.

On March 8 1759, a special assembly at Hartford resolved to raise 3,600 Connecticut Provincials for the campaign. They were formed into 4 regiments, each of 10 companies. On May 10, on General Amherst’s insistance, an additional 1,000 men were raised and integrated into the 4 existing regiments. The Connecticut Provincials, joined Amherst’s Army for a renewed attempt against Carillon.

Provincial Regiments 1759


The Wars of the Roses were a series of dynastic wars for the throne of England. They were fought between supporters of two rival branches of the royal House of Plantagenet, the houses of Lancaster and York. They were fought in several sporadic episodes between 1455 and 1487, although there was related fighting before and after this period. The conflict resulted from social and financial troubles that followed the Hundred Years’ War, combined with the mental infirmity and weak rule of Henry VI, which revived interest in the alternative claim to the throne of Richard, Duke of York.

The final victory went to a claimant of the Lancastrian party, Henry Tudor, who defeated the last Yorkist king, Richard III, at the Battle of Bosworth Field. After assuming the throne as Henry VII, Henry Tudor married Elizabeth of York, the eldest daughter and heiress of Edward IV, thereby uniting the two claims. The House of Tudor ruled England and Wales until 1603.


The Battle of Bosworth (or Bosworth Field) was the last significant battle of the Wars of the Roses, the civil war between the Houses of Lancaster and York that raged across England in the latter half of the 15th century. Fought on 22 August 1485, the battle was won by the Lancastrians. Their leader Henry Tudor, Earl of Richmond, by his victory became the first English monarch of the Tudor dynasty. His opponent, Richard III, the last king of the House of York, was killed in the battle. Historians consider Bosworth Field to mark the end of the Plantagenet dynasty, making it a defining moment of English and Welsh history.


The Royalist Army was led by King Richard III.

Richard’s most loyal subject was John Howard, 1st Duke of Norfolk. The duke had served Richard’s brother for many years and was one of Edward IV’s closer confidantes, he was a military veteran, having fought in the Battle of Towton in 1461 and served as Hastings’ deputy at Calais in 1471.

Richard formed his army into three divisions or ‘battles”, The Vanguard or main “battle” was under the command of the Duke of Norfolk, the main body was led by Richard, and the rearguard under the command of the Earl of Northumberland


Having not fought in any battles, Henry Tudor was not regarded as much of a warrior. Chroniclers of the period found him more interested in commerce and finance. Having spent the first fourteen years of his life in Wales and the next fourteen in Brittany and France, Henry Tudor was therefore unfamiliar with the arts of war and a stranger to the land he was trying to conquer. But he was known as being strong and decisive.

Henry recruited several experienced veterans on whom he could rely for military advice and the command of his armies, most notably John de Vere, 13th Earl of Oxford, who was Henry’s principal military commander.

Henry Tudor decided to commit most of his small force into one single large division or “battle” and place it under the command of the Earl of Oxford.

Wars of the Roses 1455-1487

New First Legion Releases For July 2015!

Saturday, July 11th, 2015

Roman Siege Engines

The Romans conquered much of the known world including some of the most heavily fortified cities that had ever existed. Roman Engineering was well ahead of it’s
time and they created and used a variety of Siege Engines and other Heavy Weapons in order to allow them to overcome walled fortifications such as those
at Jerusalem. First Legion is pleased to present a series of Roman Siege Weapons and Engines that allowed them to overcome even the most stout of defenses.

Roman Siege Engines

American Civil War – Union 2nd Wisconsin

Union 2nd Wisconsin

American Civil War – Confederate Artillery

Confederate Artillery of the American Civil War. Artillery played a dominant role on the American Civil War battlefield, responsible for more casualties than
any of the other arms. With the advent of rifled guns such as our 3 inch Ordnance piece ACW069, cannons were far more accurate and at greater ranges than
ever before. Of course many older guns such as our 12lb Napoleon were also still in service, particularly in the Confederate Army. Our coverage has 8 different
figures including an officer that allows for a battery setup of multiple guns.

Confederate Artillery

Napoleonic – Retreat from Russia

Retreat from Russia

WWI – French Artillery

The Great War figure range, the French 155mm 1877/1914 L De Bange Cannon! Artillery played a major role in the first World War and this field piece was one that the
French used early in the war. We have presented it here with both the metallic sole wheels and wooden firing platform (removable) along with seven stunning
crew figures. Not only is this an exquisitely detailed piece with superbly sculpted and painted crew figures, but it is also available at an extremely reasonable price relative to the overall quality. So if you haven’t started collecting First Legion WWI figures, this particular release would be a great time to start!

French Artillery

WWII – German Stalingrad

  • GERSTAL059a German Soldier Firing 251 MG – Gray Helmet
  • GERSTAL058b German Officer Reading Map – Helmet
  • GERSTAL059a German Soldier Firing 251 MG – Gray Helmet
  • GERSTAL059b German Soldier Firing 251 MG – Camo Helmet
  • VEH013 SdKfz 251/1 Ausf C Half-Track – 24th Panzer Division
    This incredibly detailed vehicle adds to your Stalingrad German display options and a armored column is at this point, brought to life.   We have done several variants to allow for larger displays and though some are 16th and some are 24th Panzer Division, they can be combined in a single display as these divisions were combined during the battle due to heavy losses.  Additionally, we’ve done GERSTAL059 German Officer which is mean to be displayed either inside the back of the half-track or outside the open rear doors as well as GERSTAL059 German figure firing the machine rear machine gun.  Finally, it comes with a driver figure seated in place who can be seen from back as well as through the driver vision port.
  • VEH014 SdKfz 251/3 Ausf C Command Half-Track – 24th Panzer Division
    – This incredibly detailed vehicle adds to your Stalingrad German display options and a armored column is at this point, brought to life.   We have done several variants of 251 Ausf C to allow for larger displays and though some are 16th and some are 24th Panzer Division, they can be combined in a single display as these divisions were combined during the battle due to heavy losses.
    Additionally, we’ve done GERSTAL059 German Officer which is mean to be displayed either inside the back of the half-track or outside the open rear doors as well as GERSTAL059 German figure firing the machine rear machine gun.  The command variant 251/3 has one of the rear bench seats removed and fitted with communications equipment and comes complete with a Radio Operator figure.   The “bedstead” antenna can be removed to allow for figures to be placed in the rear as well.  Finally, it comes with a driver figure seated in place who can be seen from back as well as through the driver vision port.
  • VEH015 SdKfz 251/1 Ausf C Half-Track -16th Panzer Division

Stalingrad Germans

Zulu War

Anglo Zulu War

New Thomas Gunn Releases For July / August!

Saturday, July 11th, 2015

New Releases for July!
WWII German

  • FJ020A — Anniversary Set – Fallshirmjager Team Manning an MG42 – Normandy – Reminiscent of our very first set released 6 years ago but this time with better sculpting and painting! A two figure Fallshirmjager team man an MG42 in distinctive camouflaged Jump smocks and prepare to take on the enemy.
    Limited to 100 in the Normandy version, 50 of the Winter and also 50 of the Desert version being available.
  • FJ020B — Anniversary Set – Fallshirmjager Team Manning an MG42 – Winter
  • FJ020C — Anniversary Set – Fallshirmjager Team Manning an MG42 – Desert
  • LUFT019A — Erich ‘Bubi’ Hartmann playing cards with Theodor Weissenberger – Two of the greatest aces of WW2 with over 550 victories between the pair. A little history below for those of you not familiar with these 2 pilots:
    Hartmann (in the brown jacket) completed his fighter training in January 1942 and managed to rack up an amazing 352 kills, his last kill being a Soviet fighter on the 8th May, the very last day of the European war.Earlier as the war drew to a close Hartmann was ordered to fly to the West to avoid capture by the Soviets, but refused as he had a deep attachment for his ground crew. This was despite him being newly married with a young son waiting for him at home.
    Hartmann was handed over by the Americans to the Russians, who convicted Hartmann on trumped up war crimes. He was sentenced to 25 years in a Soviet Labour camp and suffered appalling treatment. Eventually the Russians tried to encourage Hartmann to join the fledgling East German Air force, but he refused and was eventually released in 1955. Hartmann joined the West German Air force but left in 1970 due to his concerns over the Lockheed Starfighter programme.Hartmann died peacefully in his sleep aged 71 in 1993 and is widely acknowledged as one of the greatest fighter pilots of all time.Our second figure Theodor Weissenberger was a Knights Cross recipient with over 200 aerial victories mainly flying on the Eastern Front but with over 30 victories on the Western Front, including 3 flying Fortresses in one day over Berlin.
    Weissneberger flew a variety of aircraft including the ME 262 in which he claimed 8 of his victories.

    After the war Weissenberger went onto become a racing car driver but was unfortunately killed in 1950 racing on the Nurnburgring circuit.

    This beautifully painted set is limited to 100 in number, a B version with 2 generic Luftwaffe officers in tropical gear is also available but limited to 50 sets worldwide.

  • LUFT019B — Luftwaffe Officers playing cards (Tropical Gear)
  • LUFT020A — Rudi Sinner Lighting a Lady’s Cigarette – Sinner
    Man! Rudi Sinner sweeps in for his latest kill whilst offering a light to a
    pretty young lady with a cigarette, could be occupied France, an airfield or the
    streets of Berlin.
  • LUFT020B — Rudi Sinner Lighting a Lady’s Cigarette (Tropical Dress)
    – the tropical version of the above set suitable for warmer climes or if you
    simply prefer your ladies in pink! Rudi Sinner was born in Austria in 1915 and
    enlisted into the Austrian artillery in 1936 but transferred into the Luftwaffe
    in 1940. He served in the Middle East before being posted back to the West where
    his final score stood at 39 kills in just over 300 missions. Sinner was awarded
    the Knights Cross and survived the war despite serious injuries inflicted by
    USAAF Mustangs in April 1945 when they downed his ME 262. Limited to 100 in the
    A version and 50 of the B version, these figures will look great in a diorama of
    your choice.

WWII German forces

WWII – Pacific War – Japanese Infantry

Two Charging Japanese Marines make a great addition to your Banzai charge, two more are set to follow in August along with an officer and a flag bearer in September. RS019 has no backpack please note whilst the RS020 version is more laden down.
So that you can buy multiples of what promises to be a very exciting diorama we have created an A and B version of the Banzai figures.
The A version comes in the traditional green Marine uniform with the B version Marine wearing a faded brown cap/khaki trousers with a green jacket for a little more variety.
To bolster the Japanese fighting forces we have also released a B version of two Japanese Marines that have sold out here recently and are as follows:

WWII Pacific

WWI – British Infantry

Inspired by the Charley’s War pictorial story books we have issued 3 more British Tommys for this series. All the above figures come in an A version suitable for
Western front 1914/15 and a B version suitable for Winter 1914/Russian Civil War
with snow on the bases.

 World War One

Foreign Legion – Arabs

 French Foreign Legion

New King & Country July Releases!

Thursday, July 2nd, 2015

English Civil War

  • PnM025 — Prince Rupert of the Rhine – Rupert was a noted German soldier and nephew of King Charles I of England. He followed a military career from an early
    age fighting against Spain in the Netherlands and opposite the Holy Roman Empire during the Thirty Years War. Moving to England in 1642, at the beginning of the
    Civil War, he was appointed, by his uncle, commander of all Royalist Cavalry. He became the archetypal “Cavalier” of the period brave, dashing…impetuous! Here
    we see him on one of his favorite mounts, hat held aloft and greeting his men.
  • PnM026 — Kneeling Make Ready – A kneeling Parliamentary Musketeer makes ready his weapon.
  • PnM027 — Kneeling Firing – Another Parliamentary Musketeer takes careful aim.
  • PnM028 — The Laughing Cavalier – One of King Charles’ own Staff Officers, Sir Richard Pembroke posing in typical , confident “Cavalier” fashion.
  • PnM029 — The Pikeman set – Two sturdy Parliamentary pikemen await the approach of the enemy.
  • PnM031 — Parliamentary Cavalryman – More familiarly referred to as “Cromwell’s Ironsides” this is the first single mounted Parliamentary trooper we’ve produced (another six are in the works). Well-armed and horsed with his raised pistol and broad sword this soldier also carries a carbine and another sheathed pistol in its horse holster…Note the armoured forearm protection on
    the left arm.

English Civil War – Pike & Musket

Napoleonic French 7th Hussars

Over the years, K&C has produced a fair number of Napoleon’s cavalry… Cuirassiers… Chasseurs… Dragoons… even Grenadiers a Cheval… But never,
strangely enough, “Hussars”, probably the most colourful of the Emperor’s mounted troops…Until now that is. May we introduce our newest French cavalry
regiment…The 7th Hussars! Over several months we will release the men and horses of this fine regiment at play, rest and… work. This first small group
offers collectors a “taste” of what is to come… SPECIAL NOTE: More 7th Hussars, both mounted and on foot and… off duty and on duty… will be available over the next two to three months.

French 7th Hussars

First World War – 1917-18

  • FW188 — Ford Model “T” Vickers MachineGun Carrier – The Ford Model ‘T’ was one of the most used motor vehicles the Great War…They were used as
    transport… ambulances… and in this instance – Machine Gun Carriers. Here, our Model ‘T’ has the standard British machine gun of the First World War…the
    Vickers. While a seated gunner “mans” the weapon, his driver is behind the wheel…The Vickers folded tripod sits separately in the back of the vehicle as
    well as the driver’s own Lee Enfield ‘303 rifle.

France 1917

First World War – 1917-18 – German Infantry

France 1917

D’Day 1944 Paratroopers

The afternoon and early evening before D.Day. All over Southern Britain thousands of airborne forces, British and American, prepare to go into action many hours
ahead of the seaborne invasion troops hit the beaches. On dozens of airfields these paratroopers gather about to board their C47 transports bound for France.
Weapons are packed… parachutes attached… Extra ammunition and supplies stowed away as the men stand and sit around the designated aircraft. SPECIAL
NOTE: All of these new and future U.S. Paratroopers come with a choice of either 82nd or 101st shoulder patches on their sleeves. Additional 82nd and 101st
troopers preparing for D.Day are being released in the coming months.

D-Day ’44

German Wehrmacht

It’s been quite a while since we featured this little vehicle in our inventory but here it is…the “Kettenkrad”, together with its trailer. These vehicles appeared everywhere German forces fought and continued in use well into the 1950’s…Our new “Wehrmacht” “field grey” model fits perfectly alongside all of our other “feld grau” transport and armour.

German Wehrmacht

Life of Jesus

  • SP070 — The Animal Collection – Always useful in any toy soldier scene or diorama…a pair of cows, a donkey and an assortment of sheep and goats. You
    build the scene we will provide the livestock!!!

Life of Jesus