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John Jenkins Future Releases #3 - September 2021


For this announcement we start a new series and visit Ancient Greece and the Trojan Wars.

Whilst I was an art student, a friend of mine on a teacher training course, asked me to help him with a historical diorama project. He gave me my first book by Peter Connolly.

THE ROMAN ARMY, by Peter Connolly

Using the Peter Connolly book as inspiration I built a "Siege of Alesia" diorama, using Airfix 1/72 plastic figures. The work of Peter Connolly has always since been a big inspiration, so it should be no surprise that the next JJD series, THE TROJAN WARS is based on his book "THE ANCIENT GREECE OF ODYSSEUS", published by the Oxford University Press.

This September I will be previewing work from the new series, THE TROJAN WARS. Starting appropriately with the city itself, TROY!

TROY or ILION was an ancient city, known as the setting for the Greek myth of the Trojan War. It is believed to be located at Hisarlik in present day Turkey, 30 kilometres south west of Canakkale.

In Ancient Greek literature, Troy is portrayed as a powerful kingdom of the Heroic Age, a mythic era when monsters roamed the earth and gods interacted directly with humans. The city was said to have ruled the Troad until the Trojan War led to its complete destruction at the hands of the Greeks.

The story of its destruction was one of the cornerstones of Greek mythology and literature, featuring prominently in the Iliad and the Odyssey, as well as numerous other poems and plays. Its legacy played a large role in Greek society, with many prominent families claiming descent from those who had fought there.

The JJD TROY can be constructed using four pieces which combined can represent the famous east gate and walls of Troy.

Until the late 19th century, modern scholars regarded the Trojan War as entirely fictional. In 1871, Heinrich Schliemann and Frank Calvert excavated the site believed to be Troy. Several layers excavated resembled the literary depictions of Troy, leading some scholars to conclude that there is a kernel of truth to the legends. Although Schliemann's legacy remains controversial due to his excavation methods, which included dynamiting layers he considered insignificant. Subsequent excavations by others have added to the understanding of the site, though the exact relationship between myth and reality remains unclear.

The Scaean Gate

Experts disagree over which Troy was destroyed by the Myceneans. Was it Troy VIh, a powerful and wealthy town with spacious well constructed buildings? This fits Homer's description but it appears to have been destroyed by an earthquake. Or was it the Troy VIIa the new town that rose out of the rubble. Troy VIIa was poor and overpopulated. It was destroyed by fire after a life of only about 30 years. Its crudely built houses were huddled against the town walls. Most had large pots buried in the floor for storing food. These features indicate a siege mentality, with the people from the countryside crowding into the town for protection.

Straight wall section

The archaeological site of Troy consists of nine major layers, the earliest dating from the early Bronze Age, and the latest from the Byzantine era. The mythic city is typically identified with one of the Late Bronze Age layers. The archaeological site is open to the public as a tourist destination, and was added to the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1998.

The eastern or Dardanian Gateway

The eastern walls of Troy were reinforced by towers. One of these massive bastion at the north eastern corner was built to defend a well, which was one of the main water supplies, the other was to reinforce the city's main entrance the Scaean Gate.

The Walls of Troy will be available in the spring of 2022.

Other books recommended.
TROY by Stephen Fry ISBN 978-0-241-42458-2
If you have always enjoyed the Bernard Cornwell books as an introduction into an era, I can recommend the Trojan War trilogy


Traditionally, the Trojan War arose from a sequence of events beginning with a quarrel between the goddesses Hera, Athena and Aphrodite. Eris the goddess of discord, was not invited to the wedding of Peleus and Thetis, and so arrived bearing a gift. A golden apple, inscribed "for the fairest". Each of the goddesses claimed to be the "fairest", and the rightful owner of the apple. They submitted the judgement to a shepherd they encountered tending his flock. Each of the goddesses promised the young man a boon in return for his favour. Power, wisdom, or love. The youth, in fact Paris, a Trojan prince who had been raised in the countryside, chose love, and awarded the apple to Aphrodite. As his reward, Aphrodite caused Helen, the Queen of Sparta, and the most beautiful of all women, to fall in love with Paris.

The judgement of Paris earned him the ire of both Hera and Athena, and when Helen left her husband, Menelaus, the Spartan king, for Paris of Troy, Menelaus called upon all the kings and princes of Greece to wage war upon Troy.

Menelaus' brother Agamemnon King of Mycenae, led an expedition of Achaean troops to Troy and besieged the city for ten years because of Paris' insult. After the death of many heroes, including the Achaeans, Achilles, Ajax and the Trojans Hector and Paris, the city fell to the ruse of the Trojan Horse. The Achaeans slaughtered the Trojans, except for some of the women and children whom they kept or sold as slaves. They desecrated the temples, thus earning the wrath of the gods. Few of the Achaeans returned safely to their homes, and many founded colonies in distant shores.

The Romans later traced their origin to Aeneas, Aphrodite's son and one of the Trojans, who was said to have led the surviving Trojans to modern day Italy.


In Greek mythology, Achilles was a hero of the Trojan War, the greatest of all the Greek warriors, and is the central character of Homer's Illiad. He was the son of the Nereid Thetis and Peleus, king of Phthia.

Achilles' most notable feat during the Trojan War was the slaying of the Trojan prince Hector, outside the gates of Troy. Although the death of Achilles is not presented in the Iliad, the other sources concur that he was killed near the end of the Trojan War by Paris, who shot him in the heel with an arrow. Later legends state that Achilles was vulnerable in one heel, because when his mother Thetis dipped him in the river Styx as an infant, she held him by one of his heels.

The Homeric epic only covers a few weeks of the decade-long war, and does not narrate Achilles' death.

It begins with Achilles' withdrawal from the battle after being dishonoured by Agamemnon, the commander of the Achaean forces. Angry at some dishonour, Achilles refuses to fight or lead his troops alongside the other Greek forces.

Achilles also prays to Thetis to convince Zeus to help the Trojans gain ground in the war, so that his return will regain his honour. As the battle turns against the Greeks, thanks to the influence of Zeus, Nestor declares that the Trojans are winning because Agamemnon has angered Achilles, and urges the king to appease the warrior. Achilles rejects all Agamemnon offers him and simply urges the Greeks to sail home.

The Trojans, led by Hector, subsequently push the Greek army back toward the beaches and assault the Greek ships. With the Greek forces on the verge of absolute destruction, Patroclus leads the Myrmidons into battle, wearing Achilles' armour, though Achilles remains at his camp. Patroclus succeeds in pushing the Trojans back from the beaches, but is killed by Hector before he can lead a proper assault on the city of Troy.

After receiving the news of the death of Patroclus from Antilochus, the son of Nestor, Achilles grieves over his beloved companion's death. His mother Thetis comes to comfort the distraught Achilles. She persuades Hephaestus to make new armour for him, in place of the armour that Patroclus had been wearing, which was taken by Hector.

The new armour includes the Shield Of Achilles, which is described in detail in the poem.


According to the Iliad, when the tide of the Trojan War had turned against the Greeks and the Trojans were threatening their ships, Patroclus convinced Achilles to let him lead the Myrmidons into combat. Achilles consented, giving Patroclus the armour Achilles had received from his father, so that Patroclus could convincingly impersonate Achilles. Patroclus killed many Trojans, including a son of Zeus, Sarpedon.

While fighting, Patroclus' wits were removed by Apollo, after which he was hit with a spear of Euphorbus. Hector then killed Patroclus by stabbing him in the stomach with his spear.

Hector stripped Patroclus' of Achilles armour, and a fierce fight developed on the battlefield over the body. Menelaus and Ajax fought valiantly to protect Patroclus' corpse, and Achilles was finally able to retrieve the body.


Menelaus was a king of Mycenean Sparta. According to the Iliad, he was a central figure in the Trojan War, leading the Spartan contingent of the Greek army.

According to legend, in return for awarding her a golden apple inscribed "to the fairest", Aphrodite promised Paris the most beautiful woman in all the world. After concluding a diplomatic mission to Sparta during the latter part of which Menelaus was absent to attend the funeral of his maternal grandfather Catreus in Crete, Paris ran off with Helen despite his brother Hector's prohibition. Invoking the oath of Tyndareus, Menelaus and Agamemnon raised an invasion fleet of a thousand ships and went to Troy to secure Helen's return.

During the war, Menelaus challenges Paris to a duel for Helen's return. Menelaus soundly beats Paris, but before he can kill him and claim victory, Aphrodite spirits Paris away inside the walls of Troy. Later the Trojan Pandarus shoots Menelaus with his bow and arrow, wounding Menelaus in the abdomen.

According to Hyginus, Menelaus killed eight men in the war, and was one of the Greeks hidden inside the Trojan Horse.

During the sack of Troy, Menelaus killed Deiphobus, who had married Helen after the death of paris.


Agamemnon was a king of Mycenae, the son or grandson of King Atreus and Queen Aerope, the brother of Menelaus, the husband of Clytemnestra and the father of Iphignia, Electra, Orestes and Chrysothemis.

Agamemnon was a king of Mycenae, the son or grandson of King Atreus and Queen Aerope, the brother of Menelaus, the husband of Clytemnestra and the father of Iphignia, Electra, Orestes and Chrysothemis. When Menelaus' wife, Helen was taken to Troy by Paris, Agamemnon commanded the united Greek armed forces in the ensuing Trojan War.


Diomedes was a Greek hero, and is well known for his participation in the Trojan War. He was born to Tydeus and Deipyle and later became king of Argos, succedding his maternal grandfather Adrastus. In the Iliad he is regarded alongside, Ajax the Great and Agamemnon, after Achilles, as one of the best warriors of all the Achaeans.

He and Odysseus were the only Achaean heroes who participated in covert military operations that demanded discipline, bravery, courage, cunning and resourcefulness. Diomedes received the most direct divine help and protection. He was the favourite warrior of Athena, and was the only hero that attacked and even wounded an Olympian god. The god Hephaestus made Diomedes' cuirass for him, and was the only Achaean warrior apart from Achilles who carried such an arsenal of gear made by Hera’'s son. His shield bore the mark of a boar, and he carried a large spear as well as his father's sword which bore designs of a lion and a boar.


Ajax was the son of King Telamon and Periboea, and the half brother of Teucer. He is portrayed as a towering figure, and a warrior of great courage.

In the Iliad, Ajax is notable for his abundant strength and courage, and was chosen by lot to meet Hector in a duel which lasts most of a whole day. The encounter ended in a draw, with Ajax presenting Hector with a purple sash and Hector giving Ajax his silver sword. The second fight between the two heros occurs when the Trojans break into the Mycenean camp, and the fight takes place amongst the Greek ships. Ajax is responsible for the death of many Trojan lords, including Phorcys. According to Hyginus, in total, Ajax killed 28 people at Troy.

There will to be chariots

The first of the Trojan War figures, should be available in December.