For this announcement we leave the world of Wellington and the East India Company and re-enter the the world of El Cid and the Spanish Castles.
The impact and early significance of castles in Spain can be measured by the fact that the noun "castle" (from the Latin castella meaning "castles") forms the origin of the name of Spain's historically most powerful kingdom: Castile. And the history of Castile - the land of castles- projects itself widely over the history of Spain,
Castles were not built only in response to hostility between Christians and Moors but also by Christian and Moorish rulers to control internal conflicts. They were also constructed by ambitious and rebellious nobles on both sides, especially in those areas far removed from immediate royal authority.
GATEHOUSE, 4 depth x 12 length x 12 1/4 height (15 1/2 including Flag)
Villages and towns frequently established themselves around castles, creating hubs that provided work for the inhabitants. In times of hostility, those inhabitants could seek protection inside the castles. In return for protection, villagers often surrendered their freedom and became vassals of the lord of the castle, creating one of the most identifiable social structures associated with this period: feudalism (in general terms, a contract whereby a king or lord allowed a vassal to use his land in return for homage and service whenever called upon). However, in Spain, and more specifically in the medieval kingdoms of Castile, Leon, Navarre and Aragon, the feudal system never took firm root because of the need to encourage citizens to populate or repopulate lands on the borders with Muslim al-Andalus. Castles were built and existing towns strengthened as centres of resistance to the threat of Muslim expansionism. In return, monarchs or nobles offered willing citizens certain inducements/privileges (e.g. ownership of land, freedom from taxation, keeping the profits of war) for settling and defending frontier zones. These privileges - legally recorded and known as fueros or charters - differed from area to area, but in general they outlined both the obligations and freedoms of the settlers a
Straight Wall, 2 1/4 depth x 6 1/2 length x 9 1/4 height
From an early date, the main defensive wall of Spanish, especially Muslim castles had square or rectangular towers. Christian fortresses were more likely to have semi circular towers, whose advantage was that they were better to deflect stones and arrows.
The square tower still prevailed in Moorish castles into the 13th and even 14th centuries.
The "horseshoe arch" was another characteristic of Muslim castles, with the double horseshoe "Gate of Justice" the main entrance of the Alhambra fortress being a magnificent example.
THE VIKING LONGSHIP UPDATES
ANSWERS TO A FEW QUESTIONS.
The base is removable, but the ship is not designed to be cut along the waterline. This is similar to the Roman and Carthaginian Warships.
There are 10 different rowing figure poses.
10 of the Rowing figures are designed for the Starboard side of the ship, so the angle of the oars are all the same.
10 of the Rowing figures are designed for the Port side of the ship, so the angle of the oars are all the same.
The Rowing figures are not fixed, so can be set in any position.
The shields are not fixed to the sides , therefore can be positioned in any preferred order.