The Interwar Aviation series covers aircraft that were developed and used between World War 1 and World War 2, and was known as the “Golden Age of Aviation.”
In the two decades between the end of World War 1 and the start of World War 2, military aviation underwent a complete transformation. The typical combat aircraft of 1918 was a fabric-covered externally braced biplane with fixed landing gear and open cockpits. Few aero engines developed as much as 250 horsepower, and top speeds of 200 km (120 miles) per hour were exceptional. By 1939 the first-line combat aircraft of the major powers were all-metal monoplanes with retractable landing gear.
THE BOEING P-26A PEASHOOTER
The Boeing P-26 was the first all-metal monoplane mass-produced for the USAAC. The prototype first flew in 1932, and orders were placed for 136 aircraft. The initial order was delivered in June 1934 and, although it had only a short service life, it was to become one of the best known aircraft of the pre-war era.
All P-26 aircraft were withdrawn from front line service when WW2 began, for the USA in 1941. However some remained in service with the governments of Panama and the Philipines. One P-26 is credited with shooting down the first Japanese aircraft during attacks on the islands.
A small number of aircraft were sold to Guatemala and these were still in service there in 1955.
The 17th PURSUIT GROUP in 1935, consisted of the 34th, 73rd and 95th Pursuit Squadrons.
These Boeing P-26’s were the most decorated and famous aircraft of their era. The group developed a style of markings which still allowed each squadron to retain its own identity. The main features to the style were the large tapered fuselage flash repeated in reduced scale on the wheels spats, and scalloped trim to the headrest and leading edges of the fin and tail planes.
The 34th applied their markings in black and white.
The 73rd used red and yellow.
The 95th used blue and yellow.
Each squadron retained their own squadron insignia on the fuselage and carried large ID numbers on the upper decking and belly, the upper number being the individual aircraft number and the lower the squadron number.
These colourful P-26’s were sadly only in service with the 17th Pursuit Group for only a year, after which they were transferred to other groups.
The 73rd Pursuit Squadron was one of the three squadrons of the 17th Pursuit Group at this time. Their colour scheme applied red and yellow fuselage stripes, fin, tail, and head rest scallops and wheel trims. They also followed the practice of the 34th Pursuit Squadron of displaying the squadron number on the fuselage belly and aircraft number on the fuselage upper decking. Radio equipment was still limited during this period, and many aircraft did not have the aerial wires and antennas. These were often reserved for squadron and flight commanders only.
The third squadron in the 17th Pursuit Group was the 95th Pursuit Squadron. They adopted light blue and yellow as their squadron colours in the identical style as their sister squadrons.
Inter-War Aviation Collection
THE GREAT WAR
1914-1918 – German Army
WHEELS ACROSS THE
In 1915, Egypt was the centre of the war effort in the near East. Units would strike westwards into the Sahara desert to deal with dissident tribes who were goaded into action by the Turks, or were sent northwards into Gaza to confront the Turkish army itself.
The Sennussi were a warlike Arab religious sect encouraged by the Turks to tie down as many British troops as possible. Model T Ford cars, escorted by Rolls- Royce armoured cars were used to patrol the desert, and to launch daring raids against the Sennussi.
The most important British armoured car of the first World War was undoubtedly the Rolls-Royce. In terms of the numbers built, effective design and all round quality it was unequalled, and is now taken to typify the vintage armoured car.
The Hedjaz Armoured Car Section, was an unit of three Rolls Royce armoured cars, which operated alongside the irregular forces inspired and guided by T.E Lawrence. This unit also acted independently and mounted long range raids, such as the succesful raid against the Amman railway bridge in September 1918.
The armoured cars earned Lawrence’s respect for their reliability and effectiveness, and in his “Seven Pillars of Wisdom” he mentions that “a Rolls in the desert was above rubies”.
THE AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCES
The United States of America declared war against Germany and the Central Powers on 6th April 1917. Spurred by the slogan “First to Fight” there was a rush of recruits into the Marine Corps. The newborn Marine Corps Reserve, mobilized on 16 April, contributed three officers and thirty-three enlisted men. The recruit depots at Parris Island and Mare Island were soon swamped, and temporary recruiting centers had to be opened at Philadelphia, Brooklyn, and Norfolk Navy Yards. On 14 May, six thousand acres were leased at Quantico, south of Washington, as the beginnings of a major new base.
Maj. Gen. Cmdt. George Barnett was determined that a Marine expeditionary force would be on board the first convoy to sail for France. On 29 May, President Wilson approved the sending of a Marine regiment equipped as infantry. The stipulation was that the Marine regiment be organized and equipped according to the new wartime tables of organization developed by the Army. Marine regiments were small units of about eight hundred to a thousand men, a collection of numbered rifle companies of about 100 men each.
The companies would have to be brought up to a strength of about 250 men and organized into battalions and then into regiments, with machinegun companies added.
American Expeditionary Forces
Battle of Gallipoli 1915
Provincial Regiments 1759
Provincial Regiments 1759
French Militia 1759
For the campaign of 1759 the militia companies were amalgamated into 3 brigades by region of origin. They wore the knitted “tuque” or stocking cap typical of the French habitant, in different colours according to their brigade. Red was for Quebec, White for Trois Rivieres, and blue for Montreal.
French Militia 1759
THE WARS OF THE
Wars of the Roses 1455-1487
ANNIVERSARY – Jacobite Rebellion
Nine new Jacobite Rebellion figures will be released over the next few months,
and a set of 10 of the older Jacobites will be offered as a Booster/Starter set. This set will only be offered for sale to dealers until the end of JUNE, or until stock runs out.
Jacobite Rebellion 1745