Great War – Egypt 1915
In 1915, Egypt was the centre of the war effort in the near East. Units would strike westwards into the Sahara desert to deal with dissident tribes who were goaded into action by the Turks, or were sent northwards into Gaza to confront the Turkish army itself.
The Sennussi were a warlike Arab religious sect encouraged by the Turks to tie down as many British troops as possible. Model T Ford cars, escorted by Rolls- Royce armoured cars were used to patrol the desert, and to launch daring raids against the Sennussi.
The most important British armoured car of the first World War was undoubtedly the Rolls-Royce. In terms of the numbers built, effective design and all round quality it was unequalled, and is now taken to typify the vintage armoured car.
The Hedjaz Armoured Car Section, was an unit of three Rolls Royce armoured cars, which operated alongside the irregular forces inspired and guided by T.E Lawrence. This unit also acted independently and mounted long range raids, such as the succesful raid against the Amman railway bridge in September 1918.
The armoured cars earned Lawrence’s respect for their reliability and effectiveness, and in his “Seven Pillars of Wisdom” he mentions that “a Rolls in the desert was above rubies”.
Great War – German
The STURMPANZER A7V was a tank introduced by Germany in 1918, during World War I. One hundred chassis were ordered in early 1917, ten to be finished as fighting vehicles with armoured bodies, and the remainder as cargo carriers. The number to be armoured was later increased to 20. They were used in action from March to October of that year, and were the only tanks produced by Germany in World War I to be used in operations.
Unlike modern tanks, the A7V has no turret. Instead, it has a cupola for the commander and driver, and its main gun, a 57mm Maxim-Nordenfelt, is carried in a mounting in the front, allowing limited traverse. Six Maxim 08 machine guns are carried in mountings, two on each side and two to the rear.
The crew normally consisted of up to seventeen soldiers and one officer: commander (officer, typically a lieutenant), driver, mechanic, mechanic/signaller, twelve infantrymen (six machine gunners, six loaders), and two artillerymen (main gunner and loader).
Crews for the small German Tank Arm were drawn from the various branches of the Army, all according to their usage: gunners from the artillery, signallers from the communications branch, machine-gunners from the infantry, drivers, mechanics and commanders from the motor troops. They had no special uniform or insignia, and used the standard field uniform. Neither did they have any special insignia, but used the ones of their original organisations. Leather patches were worn on knee and elbow
Also the German Tankers were issued overalls. These were one-piece suits, made either in heavy cloth or in leather; they were normally restricted to drivers, and sometimes to the mechanics as well. They were often worn together with a low, padded, dome-shaped crash helmet. These overalls came with buttons and loops on the shoulders, to allow for the attachment of shoulder straps. German Tankers also used the same type of strange mailed face mask as the British, and often these masks seems to have been captured equipment.
GALLIPOLI CAMPAIGN 1915
Battle of Gallipoli 1915
Knights of the Skies
The Fokker E.III was the main variant of the Eindecker (monoplane) fighter aircraft of World War I. It entered service on the Western Front in December 1915 and was also supplied to Austria-Hungary and Turkey.
The E.III was the first type to arrive in sufficient numbers to form small specialist fighter units, Kampfeinsitzer Kommandos (KEK) in early 1916. Previously, Eindeckers had been allocated singly, just as the E.I and E.II had been, to the front-line Feldflieger Abteilungen that carried out reconnaissance duties. On 10 August 1916, the first German Jagdstaffeln (single-seat fighter squadrons) were formed, initially equipped with various early fighter types, including a few E.IIIs, which were by then outmoded and being replaced by more modern fighters. Standardisation in the Jagdstaffeln (and any real success) had to wait for the availability in numbers of the Albatros D.I and Albatros D.II in early 1917.
Fokker production figures state that 249 E.IIIs were manufactured
Square markings weren’t applied to Ottoman aircraft until April 1916. Hans J. Buddecke’s Fok.E.III 96/15 was in standard Fokker Factory finish of clear doped unbleached linen fabric, with a clear varnish top coat to waterproof the fabric. The Iron Crosses and white cross field were over painted black leaving a 50 mm wide white square border in all six places, On the rudder the cross was over painted black forming a square. This was with Fliegerabteilung 5, located at Smyrna Airfield, Turkey, around April 1916.
It is written that Buddeke refers to his aircraft in his book El Schahin as ” my yellow bird with the black threatening eyes”.
The E.III piloted by Hauptmann Hans-Joachim Buddecke was the aircraft used by the German pilot when he was sent to Gallipoli, in Turkey, to fight with Ottoman FA 6 (6 Bölük, Kuvva-i Havvaie) against the Royal Naval Air Service, from December 1915 to August 1916. There he performed a successful campaign, with four victories confirmed and seven unconfirmed. Credited with thirteen victories, Buddecke saw combat also in Bulgaria and on the Western Front and he was the third ace, after Max Immelmann and Oswald Boelcke, to earn the Pour le Mérite medal.
In late August 1916 was recalled to the Western Front as leader of the newly formed Royal Prussian Jagdstaffel 4. There he reached other three victories in September 1916. After that he went back to Turkey, joining the Ottoman FA5, and scored two victories in Smirne by March 1917. In early 1918, he was again in France with the Jasta 30, and following was assigned to Royal Prussia Jagdstaffel 18. He was killed in action on 10 March 1918, during an aerial combat over Lens, France.
Knights Of The Skies – WWI
French & Indian Wars – Provincial Regiments 1759
July 1755, after Braddock’s defeat in an ambush on the Monongahela, Pennsylvanians, who until then had no militia forces, started to organise a defence. The governor gave orders to build forts at Carlisle and Shippensburg and to organize 4 companies of volunteers. In October, the French and Canadiens with their Indian Allies began to launch raids on the border of Pennsylvania. On November 25, a “Militia Act” was passed in response to the border massacres perpetrated by the Susquehanah and Ohio Delawares. On November 27, the Assembly of Pennsylvania voted funds to build forts and to replace militia companies with a Provincial Regiment which was originally formed from pre-existing volunteers and militia around the Susquehanah River. Most men enlisted for less than six months.
In March 1756, the regiment was formally organised into two battalions: the one east of the river were commanded by Lieutenant-colonel Conrad Weiser, while the one to the west of the river was led by Colonel John Armstrong. Later, a third battalion was raised under Colonel William Clapham, to defend the area of Augusta, Pennsylvania. Afterwards, the Pennsylvania Provincials were reorganized into 2 regiments: the 1st (Augusta) regiment, formed of one battalion under Clapham, and the 2nd, comprising the other two battalions.
Provincial Regiments 1759
THE BATTLE OF BOSWORTH FIELD 1485
The following prototypes will be on display at the London show in early April
In an effort to destroy Henry Tudor, Richard decided to leave his position on Ambion Hill, leading his household retainers down the slope, thundering towards Henry’s men with levelled lances.
A few of the key personalities involved in King Richard’s heroic last charge will be available in the summer.
King Richard III and his standard bearer, Sir Percival Thirlwall, charge towards Henry Tudor and his standard bearer William Brandon.
New for April
Wars of the Roses 1455-1487
jjDESIGNS 10th ANNIVERSARY
For March we continue the 10th Anniversary celebrations, with the first of several “BOOSTER/STARTER” Sets! Nine new Royal Marine Light Infantry figures will be on display at the London Toy Soldier show in April.
Ten of the current Royal Marine Light Infantry figures will be packaged in one box and offered at a special 10th Anniversary Price.
First Sudan War 1884 – 1885